We Are The Makers Of Our World ; Let Us Remake It !

M.N.Roy (Narendranath Bhattacharya) – Important Events

1887, March 21 Birth at Urbalia, 24 Parganas, Bengal Father – Dinabandhu Bhattacharya, Head Pandit of Local School Mother – Basantha Kumari of Kodalia, 24 Parganas.

1888 – 1908 Jnan Vikasini School of Arbalia, Harinabhi Anglo-Sanskrit School of Kodalia, Passed Entrance Examination of Bengal National College and studied at Bengal Technical Institute.

1905 Organised free social service among rural poor Joined Underground movement (leaders: Aurobindo and Barin Ghosh) Organised close-knit group at Changripota.

1907 First Political dacoity at Changripota Railway Station.

1908 Arrest and Release 1909 Dacoity together with Hari Kumar Chakravarthy.

1910 – 11 Howrah- Sibpur Conspiracy Case – arrested and discharged.

1911 – 13 Reorganised revolutionary movement under Jatin Mukherji.

1914 Theft of 50 Mauser Pistols and 46 000 rounds of ammunition.

1915 Garden Reach Robbery Left for Batevia as Charles A. Martin to negotiate with Germans for supply of arms Left India again in search of arms – travelled through China, Japan and Far East on way to Germany.

1916 Reached San Fransisco Met Evelyn Trent Moved to New York, Met Lala Lajpat Rai, adopted the name of “Manavendra Nath Roy”.

1917 – 1918 Arrested by American Police – Released on bail – Escaped to Mexico with Evelyn(now married to Roy) with a letter of introduction of President of Stanford University Mr. David Starr Jordan to General Salvador Alvarado, Governor of Yucatan in Mexico Contacted German Embassy in Mexico, got funds to buy arms in China – sent money to Rash Behari Bose in Japan and to Indian Revolutionaries in U.S.A. Was introduced to President Carranza and soon became his friend Published in Spanish: ‘The way to Durable World Peace’, Open letter to Woodrow Wilson , ‘Voice of India’. Published: ‘India – Her Past, Present and Future’ (First major work) Organised a conference of Socialist Party of Mexico – was elected its General Scretary.

1919 Founding of El Partido Communista de Mexico – Elected as delegate to Second Congress of the communist Inter-national – Met Michael Barodin in Mexico . Left for Europe with Evelyn – Carried Mexican diplomatic passports [as Segnor and Segnora Robert Alleny Villa Garcia].

1920 In Berlin- Met several communist leaders of different countries of Europe May – October Reached Moscow (May), meeting with Lenin Second congress of Communist international Membership of Mali Bureau of C.I., Mission to Tashkent Establishment of India House and Military School. Formation of Communist Party of India in Tahkent.

1921 April Establishment of University of toilers of the East. May Closure of Military School June – July Third Congress of Comm.Int. Sept. Manifesto to Ahmedabad session of Indian National Congress Dec. Publication of ‘India in Transition’, Russian Edition ( Eng. Edition middle of 1922).

1922 April Shifting of Head Quarters to Berlin. May Publication of “Vanguard” Peshawar Communist Conspiracy Cases; live upto 1927. Nov. Fourth Congress of C.I. Elected to Executive Committee of C.I. Dec. Manifesto to Gaya Session of Congress.

1924 June – July Fifth Congress of C.I. Election to C.I. bodies, Kanpur Communist Conspiracy Case.

1927 Jan. – Aug. Mission to China. Aug. Returned from China to Moscow. Oct. In Berlin to resume activities relating to India 1928 Feb. In Moscow to attend 7th plena. m of ECCI. April Flight from Moscow.

1929 march Meerut Communist Conspiracy Case. Dec. Expulsion from C.I.

1930 Dec. Unlawful return to India. 1931 March Attended Karachi Session of Congress.

1931 July Arrested in Bombay after seven months of Under ground activity. Aug. – Dec. Trial in Kanpur.

1933 Jan. Sentence of transportation for twelve years. Later reduced in appeal to six years’ rigorous imprisonment.

1936 Nov. Release from Dehra Dun Jail. Dec. Attended Faizpur Session of the Congress.

1937 April Publication of “Independent India.”

1939 March Attended INC Session in Tripuri. Formation of League of Radical Congressmen.

1940 March Contested election to INC presidentship. May First study Camp in Dehra Dun. Oct. Resigned from INC on the issue of the World War II. Dec. Formation of Radical Democratic Party. Formation of National Democratic Union.

1941 Nov. Establishment of Indian Federation of Labour.

1942 Dec. Second Conference of RDP. 1944 April Publication of Peoples’ Plan. Dec. Third Conference of RDP.

1945 Publication of Draft Constitution.

1946 Aug. Establishment of Indian Renaissance Institute at Dehra Dun. Dec. Fourth RDP Conference and adoption of Twenty-Two Thesis.

1947 May Study Camp in Dehra Dun. 1948 Dec. Dissolution of RDP at the fifth conference of the Party.

1952 June Accident at Mussoorie leading to prolonged illness.

1954 Jan. Death in Dehra Dun.

**************************************************************************************************************************************************

Source : ‘Essence of Royism’ , G.D.Parikh, 1987, Published by W.S.Kane, Secretary, Nav Jagriti Samaj, J-149, Lokmanya Nagar, Mahim, Bombay – 400 016.

 

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